Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Individuals with pelvic organ prolapses have a problem with support of their pelvic organs. This allows one or some of the pelvic organs (vagina, uterus, bladder, urethra, rectum or small intestines) to fall below their normal positions. Normally, the pelvic organs are held up by fascia and ligaments from above attaching to deep abdominal muscles, and the pelvic floor muscles from below. These supportive structures can be weakened from childbirth, constipation, persistent coughing, repetitive lifting, aging (due to hormone changes with menopause) or even following a hysterectomy. Symptoms are variable in severity, location and frequency, but can include a lump in the vagina or rectum, pelvic heaviness or pressure, a feeling of falling out, and a back ache which may worsen throughout the day. People may also experience episodes of bowel and bladder dysfunctions.